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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45-50

Clinical profile and outcome of coronavirus disease-2019 in kidney transplant recipients admitted to a tertiary care center: A retrospective study


Department of Nephrology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Deepak Kumar Panigrahi
Flat A21, Shree Balaji Apartment, Sector 6, Dwarka, New Delhi - 110 075
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/injms.injms_112_21

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Background: The mortality of kidney transplant recipients (KTR) affected with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is reported to be higher than the general population. There is a scarcity of data on the pattern and outcome of COVID-19 in KTRs in developing country like India. Materials and Methods: It was a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary care center in North India. The detailed data on the Covid-19 affected KTR admitted to our center from March 2020 to March 2021 was obtained from computerized records. Clinical and biochemical characteristics of the survivors and nonsurvivors were studied. The factors affecting the mortality in this cohort were analyzed. Results: Of the 35 participants, 25 (71.4%) were males. The mean age was 53.06 ± 11.84 years. Overall, mortality was 17.1% (Six out of 35). There was a significant difference in the oxygen saturation at presentation, computed tomography severity scores, level of inflammatory markers, level of serum albumin, and the absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) between the survivors and nonsurvivors (P < 0.05). On univariate regression analysis, serum C-reactive protein, ferritin, albumin, and ALC were found to be significantly predicting mortality in COVID-19 affected KTR. Conclusions: Mortality rate in COVID-19 affected KTR is higher than in the general population. Clinical, biochemical, and radiological parameters can be helpful in predicting the adverse outcome.


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